West Hawk Lake Gold Project
157 kms west of Winnipeg, In Manitoba next to Ontario Border, and to TransCanada Highway
25 kms from High Lake Project
Key showings and deposits with historical resources of 223,473 Oz @ approx. 10 g/t Au (non – NI 43-101)
100% Owned Mining Claim, No Royalties
Two historical mines - 2 shafts 500ft and 600ft
West Hawk Lake and High Lake Feb. 2012 - NI 43-101
West Hawk Lake Property Exploration History
Gold was reportedly first discovered in 1910 on an adjacent property north of the West Hawk claims by J. H. Hicks with early exploration and development completed in that area by Pennica Reef Gold Mines Limited. This resulted in increased exploration activity in the surrounding area. The following summarizes the exploration history on the West Hawk Property:
1912-1928 Gold was first discovered on the Sunbeam property by G.R. Thurber in 1912; prospecting, sampling and trenching was reported on the Sunbeam and surrounding claims over the next 16 years.
A minor amount of shaft sinking was completed at Sunbeam and Waverly by individuals.
Sunbeam Kirkland Gold Mines Limited Sunbeam Prospect completed surface trenching, 28 drill holes (1525 m), sunk a 134 m shaft with work on 4 levels and shipped a 4,257 ton bulk sample to a Kenora area mill (recovered 24.7 kg Au).
Goldbeam Mines was formed, after reorganizing Sunbeam Kirkland Gold Mines Limited, and completed 8,516 m of drilling on targets other than the Sunbeam, sunk a 152 m shaft and drove 3 levels on the Waverly Prospect.
Homestake Exploration Limited acquired the property.
Star Lake Gold Mines optioned the property and completed geological mapping and a ground magnetometer survey.
Whiteshell Ventures acquired the option on the property from a principal of Star Lake Gold Mines.
Whiteshell Ventures was acquired by Goldbeam Resources Limited.
1980-1983: completed geological mapping, sampling and metallurgical testing
1985-1986: dewatered, surveyed, sampled and geologically mapped the Sunbeam and Waverly workings; drilled 9 holes (437m) from underground on the Waverly 150 level; completed a local magnetic and VLF-EM survey and 8 drill holes (639 m) from surface; completed limited leach testing on material from the Sunbeam and Waverly zones; a proposal was made to drive a ramp to the 475 level and mine the Sunbeam pipe but this was not completed.
Homestake Minerals Limited and Queenstake Gold Mines Limited merged to form Queenstake Mining Inc. and became the new underlying owners of the property.
Whiteshell Ventures/Goldbeam Resources Limited failed to meet the terms of the option agreement and the title of the property returned to 100% Queenston Mining Inc.; in 2009 an airborne geophysical survey was completed and the boundary of the Mining Lease was reestablished.
Canadian Star drilled six holes.
West Hawk Lake Historical Resources
Historical resources on the WHL include the following:
In 1983, John D. Godfrey, P.Geol., estimated, on behalf of Goldbeam Resources Ltd, approximately 504,000 tons of material grading from 0.405 ounces gold per ton (457,200 tonnes grading 13.88 g/t Au). The estimates were mainly based upon data available from various work programs completed between 1935 and 1946 under the supervision of a respected mining geologist, J.F. Wright. Seymour Sears (Qualified Person) was unable to verify these historic estimates as the supporting data is incomplete and they predate the implementation of NI 43-101.
These estimates are not in accordance with NI 43-101 and should not be relied upon. They are presented in this report as a documentation of the past work for the purpose of outlining areas for future exploration on the WHL Property.
West Hawk Lake Property Past Production
In 1940, a bulk sample was mined from underground at the Sunbeam Deposit. A total of 4,693 tons (4,257 tonnes) was shipped to the Kenricia Mill in Kenora, Ontario. The average grade recovered from the material processed was reported to be 0.17 oz per ton (5.82 g/t) Au. This resulted in production of 797 troy ounces (24.7 kg) of gold.
Mineralization West Hawk Lake Property
Two types of gold mineralization are known to occur on the WHL Mining Lease. The host rock for the first type is a concentrically banded pipe-like structure, referred to as a “breccia pipe” by most explorers. Gold occurs in siliceous bands, small quartz veinlets, and with local sericitic patches. Associated mineralization includes pyrite, galena, sphalerite, chalcopyrite andpyrrhotite as well as minor arsenopyrite and tetrahedrite. The Sunbeam and Moonbeam are examples of this type of mineralization.
The second type of gold bearing structure consists of narrow shear zones that occur within all rock types but particularly near the contacts of the various phases of the intrusive complex. Gold is generally associated with narrow quartz veining and gashes within en-echelon lenses and wider bodies of biotite schist but it also occurs along joint surfaces within and adjacent to these shears. Common accessory minerals include pyrite, galena, sphalerite and arsenopyrite. Mineralization of this type includes the Waverly veins and the Sundog zone.
In addition to the mineralized zones discussed previously (Sunbeam, Moonbeam, Waverly and Sundog), there are numerous other mineral occurrences located within the boundaries of the WHL Property.
Known Prospects on the West Hawk Lake Property
Name of Zone Type Description
Waverly Raise Au Raise installed in 1945-46 in a mineralized shear zone from a northwest cross-cut driven from the 450 level of the Waverly shaft. Size potential unknown; Raise surfaces on the north side of a swampy area that separates the Waverly and Sunbeam deposits.
Breccia Zone Au A breccia pipe located beneath a swamp between the Sunbeam and Moonbeam pipes (Godfrey, 1983). Pipes of this type (on the property) are known to range from 20 to 150 feet across and are thought to have excellent down dip potential.
Other Shear Zones Au Fingler (1988) and Davies (2011) refer to several zones that occur to the west of the Waverly veins (Letain “A”, “B” & “C”). The size potential of these zones is not known and there orientation and structural controls are not well understood. These include the Moonbeam Extension, Sundog Fault and the Sunbeam Extension.
Gold Coin Au Davies (2011) reports … “A pit approximately 2 m long was located within diorite at Grid 200N and about 065 W. Rock is poorly exposed, but apparently a shear zone with some disseminated pyrite was probed. Fingler (1991, p78‐79) reported chlorite alteration and gold associated with pyrite and arseno‐ pyrite.”
The primary deposit types being explored for on the HLEL and WHL Properties include:
Archean aged, structurally hosted, lode gold deposits (Hodgson, C.J. 1993). Deposits of this type range in size from small, sub-economic lenses containing 10s of thousands of tonnes to greater than 100 million tonnes of mineralized material grading from 5 to 15 g/t Au. This type of deposit is best represented by the gold deposits of the Timmins, Kirkland Lake and Red Lake mining camps.
The key features that are common in this type of deposit are a spatial association with a regional scale structural lineament, e.g. the Porcupine-Destor Fault in the Timmins area or the Kirkland Lake - Larder Lake Break in the Kirkland Lake Area as well as proximity of young intrusive rocks such as quartz porphyry and intense alteration of the host rocks (carbonate- sericite-silica). Sometimes there is an association with ultramafic intrusive rocks.
Quartz-sericite schist with Au ± Py ± Cpy ± Mo; Deposits of this type are typically large tonnage and lower grade than most lode gold deposits (Poulsen, 1996). They are usually hosted within shear zones and often have an associated felsic intrusive association. The host rocks are typically sedimentary, however, they are not restricted to this rock type. One of the best examples of this type of deposit is the Hemlo Gold deposit near Marathon, Ontario which is reported to have contained 84 million tonnes at an average grade of 7.7 g/t Au (Bodycomb 2000).
Porphyry-related Cu + Au ± Mo deposits; the quartz porphyritic rocks and their contact aureoles also have potential for hosting large tonnage, bulk mineable gold mineralization associated with quartz-carbonate stockwork and vein zones. Porphyry type deposits are common in other parts of the world and are not unknown in an Archean greenstone environment (Colvine et al. 1979, 1981). There is a prospect on the High Lake/Electrum Lake Property (north of the northeast end of High Lake) that has been described as a porphyry deposit (Davies 1965). In addition, the gold mineralization associated with “breccia pipes” on the WHL Property (the Sunbeam and Moonbeam deposits) may well be related to an unexposed intrusive body that may be part of a larger porphyritic mineralizing system.
Exploration for these types of deposits include geological mapping, Induced Polarization (IP) and magnetic geophysical surveys, soil geochemical surveys and diamond drilling.
West Hawk Lake Exploration Program
Between August and October of 2011, an exploration program was completed over the center part of the WHL Property. The program was designed to locate previously identified gold occurrences and deposits as well as other potential host structures on the property and to determine if they could be detected with basic exploration techniques.
The work included:
approximately 12 km of cut grid-lines ground magnetic survey
VLF-EM survey geological mapping
The geophysical surveys were completed by JVX Ltd, Toronto, Ontario. Data was collected using an Overhauser GMS-19 Magnetometer / VLF instrument (GEM Systems) with built in GPS station locator. A total of 8.4 km of magnetic data and 10.6 k of VLF-EM data was collected. Data collection was not possible over low-lying, marshy areas. Additional data collection is required from these wet areas in order to draw any conclusions on the effectiveness of this type of survey. Future ground geophysical surveys should be completed in the winter. The “Total Field” magnetic data is presented in a contoured form as Figure 12. “Fraser Filtered” VLF-EM data is presented.
The geological mapping was carried out by John C. Davies, PhD, of Winnipeg, Manitoba. This work utilized the cut grid for control augmented by the use of a GPS receiver. A reconnaissance scale geological map of the area covered is presented as Figure 14. The mapping confirms a circular, multiphased intrusive complex, centered by monzodiorite and flanked by granodiorite and then by diorite. During the mapping program, a total of 18 rock samples were collected and submitted to Accurassay Laboratory in Thunder Bay, Ontario where they were analysed for gold by Fire Assay methods and for 33 elements by the ICP method. The samples descriptions accompanied by the Gold values are shown in Appendix III and the locations were plotted .
The sampling completed is of a reconnaissance nature consisting of grab samples designed to assist in the location of historic gold prospects and to confirm the potential for gold mineralization on the WHL Property. All samples were from surface material and may or may not be representative of the material sampled. The sample density is limited by the sparse bedrock exposure in the area as well as the by the small area of the property that was covered by the mapping program and therefore the sampling represents only a minor fraction of the WHL Property.